What is programming?

The world has gone totally digital and almost everything that was used to be done manually is now done digitally(on a computer or the other.) It is therefore a “food for the thought ” that how do these computer gadgets work. What makes them to function? One of the possible answers to these questions is the definition of programming. Programming therefore can be defined to mean the process of constructing, building a computer task with pre-ochestrated functions in order to solve the problems of mankind. Programming is the act of orchestrating a task(program) to make life easier for man. The source of the social media platforms is programming. The source of phone software programs is programming. The source of computer software programs is programming.

As it is generally known that computer does not understand the normal language of human beings, computer programming is done with a special language called “coding.” What then is coding? Coding is a step by step instruction given to computers to perform a particular desired function. Coding helps to program whatever one wants to program. With this, one can create a software, an app, a website or a game. As said earlier, programminh entails usage of various coding languages which include javascript, python, java, Pascal, Fortran, etc. These programming languages are various set of instructions that are given to computers to create software programs.

Programming might be challenging to learn but with consistency, one will achieve a lot from it. That’s sure because the services of a programmer is often needed in various offices, companies and organisations.

There are about five processes in computer programming which include

1. defining the problem
2. planning the solution
3. coding the program
4. testing the program
5. documenting the program

defining the problem;

this first stage entails knowing what to do. If a programmer is called to a place for a particular job, the programmer is expected to know what the problem is and how to solve the problem ; the desired program to build and how it’s going to look like. Know what to input eg, what kind of programming language to use, how to input it and also the output of the program.

Defining the solution

Defining the solution is the next stage in the programming process. This is the analysis of how the identified problem can be solved. The two major ways of defining solution to programming problems are writing s flowchart and writing a pseudo code. A flowchart is a pictorial representation of the steps involved in solving a problem. As the name implies, flowchart shows how work flows from the first step to the second, and so on to the conclusion. Pseudo code on the other hand, is an informal way of writing programs in which the sequence of actions and instructions are written for easier identification and understanding. it’s like a code language but it uses simple English to function. The pseudocode can not be used for programming but can only be used as guide to find solution to programming problems.

Coding the program.

This aspect is the process where the solutions defined are transferred into the computer by using the various coding languages we have. with this, the programmer translates the flowchart and pseudocode into a programming language. Set of instructions, in form of code are given to the computer to perform the desired outcome.

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Testing the program

After coding the program, there’s usually the need to test run the program. some programmers may not really want to agree with this as a result of the fact that they believe in their competence. However, as coding is not a too easy task, it’s strictly advised that one tests his program in order to locate any mistake and correct those located mistakes perfectly before launching the program finally. This is called debugging.


Documenting the program

This is the act of documenting the program throughout the process period. The program is therefore documented from the problem identification stage to the last stage for some specific reasons which may be to have a record that might be needed in the future and also to have a record that another programmer might need.


As the world has gone digital now, there’s an ever increasing need for competent hands on both the software and hardware technology. Thus choosing programming as a career to pursue can be very very interesting and rewarding. However the journey to becoming programmer might be very demanding and challenging majorly due to its complexity.


1. The process of becoming a good and qualified programmer may take lot of time.
2. The stress that comes with programming include debugging sitting on spot for a very long time and so on, and these might be so discouraging.
3. Another challenge of becoming a programmer is choosing the suitable programming language and skill to learn because there are too many of it. Thus, many people get confused on which to learn.
4. Timing; the timing of of completing a programming task may also be a long one. To complete a program sometimes take days, weeks or even more.


1. The very first benefit of being a progammer that it is highly rewarding. Programmers have lots of job opportunities out there. they can work for both big and upcoming companies and organisations.
2. Another benefit of becoming a programmer is the work ease. If you’re a programmer, you can work with more than a company at a time. Also, programming satisfies the need of this generation to work from home. You can work indoors as a programmer.
3. If you’re a programmer, you tend to be more creative as a result of the numerous creations you will encounter.
4. As a programmer , your problem solving skills in the normal world and also on the computer is increased.

With the above, we could conclude that programming is a very lucrative career and programmers have claimed that programming is very interesting. However one can only achieve a great height in programming is one can face the challenges involved.